The United Kingdom, also known as the Kingdom of England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland or the Commonwealth of Independent States, is one of the largest and most populous countries in the world and is located in the northwest of continental Europe. The United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the Caribbean are all within the United Kingdom, as well as parts of Canada and Australia. In Europe and Asia, there are more than 1,000 countries and territories that belong to the "United Kingdom," including the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Greece, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Hungary.
The Channel Islands, which include Guernsey, Jersey, Sark and Alderney, form the southern half of the United Kingdom, as well as parts of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Countries within the UK have neighbouring islands that are not part of the UK, such as the Isle of Man and Orkney, and St Kitts and Nevis.
Today's nations also include islands that are largely self-governing, such as Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Saint Lucia. This is mainly due to the fact that all of these countries are self-governing countries and continue to share bonds with the UK, with the exception of the Isle of Man.
The term "United Kingdom" refers to the collective confederation of states consisting of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The United Kingdom consists of the British Isles, which include England (with Wales and Scotland) and the British Isles. Moreover, remote areas are considered part of "the United Kingdom," since they belong to either England or Scotland or Wales, but not both at the same time. For this reason, the terms "British Isles" include the surrounding islands such as the Isle of Man, Cornwall and Cornwall, as well as other islands in the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom is defined as a sovereign state consisting of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and the British Isles (with the exception of the Isle of Man, Cornwall and Cornwall). Like France or the US, Britain (or the "United States of America," as it is called) is a sovereign state, but it is separate from the country or countries in which it is located, such as England and Wales.
The largest country in the United Kingdom is the land mass and population, and it has its own legislature. The capital London is also the capital of the United Kingdom, but decentralisation at the end of the twentieth century left England in charge of its own government, which was on the verge of becoming a federalist government under Her Majesty's Government at the time of this writing in 2014. England, Scotland and Wales are called "Great Britain" because they are the largest islands on the continent. Great is known as the largest island of the British Isles, as these coasts are home to England and Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Since the founding of "Britain," it has played a key role; it is also home to the world's second largest population.
In 2014, Scotland held a referendum to decide whether or not it would remain part of the UK. The Scotland poll was conducted in June 2014 to decide whether Scotland should remain part of the "United Kingdom" or split away and become an independent state.
Much of the narrative of the campaign was about Britain, thereby removing Northern Ireland from the debate, which is the only population in the UK to share a border with the EU. On whether or not to be part of a "United Kingdom," nationalist and republican groups seek a united Ireland that includes Northern Ireland, while unionists and loyalists want it to remain part of the "United Kingdom."
The six original Irish counties were thus separated from the rest and the country became the United Kingdom of Northern Ireland, or UK for short. The northern region remained part of the "United Kingdom," a title that has since been changed to "U.K.
The law also extended English law to England and Wales, making English the second largest state in the UK after Scotland. Royal approval of the Unification Act made it possible to create a united United Kingdom of Great Britain by a single Parliament of Great Britain. The Act was ratified on 1 July 1789 with the ratification of the Treaty of Westminster and the Act of Union. On June 29, 1801, the Kingdom of England, including Wales, joined the "Kingdom of Scotland" to form the Kingdom of "Great Britain" under the rule of Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1707, the Act of Union between England and Scotland joined the Kingdom of Great Britain and joined the Scottish and English Parliaments, creating a single "kingdom" of "Great Britain" and centralizing political power in London. In 1801, Ireland was annexed to the United Kingdom (the "Great Britain of Ireland"), and the predominantly Catholic parts of the country left the "United Kingdom," leaving only a small part of what remained of the Catholic Church in the country under the rule of Queen Elizabeth II. The first major changes to Scotland and England's political system took place after they were united in 1706 to form the modern Parliament of Westminster. Their respective parliaments were permanently dissolved and instead, MPs began attending Parliament in London.